It is tough to firstly identify the right spots, you may have to explore for days before you find an idyllic panoramic landscape to shoot. You then have to wait for the right light conditions while braving the weather and the rough living conditions. In terms of equipment, landscape photographers need to go in for a variety of wide-angle lenses since this type of lens is capable of lending depth in the photograph. A wide-angle zoom lens is useful in this type of photography because of the range of focal lengths it can provide while fine-tuning a shot. But there is also the need for telephoto lenses for certain shot though not of the high focal length required by sports photographers. Landscape photographers usually go in for telephoto lenses with focal length less than 300mm (a telephoto lens has a focal length greater than 50mm, a wide angle lens is less than 50mm, and a standard lens has a focal length of 50mm)
Photographer for the above is Gardawind as he says,
You could easily add an emotional touch to your image by making use of patterns or repetitions that naturally occur in nature. Patterns or repetitions are to be found everywhere in nature you only need to take notice. A row of trees, a row of flowers, patterns of sand, etc, while shooting urban landscapes street lights, mile stones, etc. one thing to keep in mind while making use of patterns is to compose in such as way that the patterns fill your frame. This will help emphasize them. Experiment by breaking the pattern with an additional element.